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Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Growth from Highly Activated Metal Nanoparticles

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journal contribution
posted on 13.12.2006 by Daisuke Takagi, Yoshikazu Homma, Hiroki Hibino, Satoru Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kobayashi
We demonstrate that any metal, even gold, silver, and copper, can act as a catalyst for SWCNT synthesis in chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Metal nanoparticles 3 nm or less in diameter, introduced into CVD ambience immediately after heat treatment at 800−950 °C in air, produce SWCNTs. The activation method is effective for copper and various noble metals as well as for iron-family elements. This implies that any metal particle may produce SWCNTs when its size becomes 1−3 nm. In other words, carbon atoms can form SWCNTs in a self-assembling fashion on nanoparticles without the specific functions of iron-family elements.