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Simplified Speciation and Improved Phosphodiesterolytic Activity of Hydroxo Complexes of Trivalent Lanthanides in Aqueous DMSO

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journal contribution
posted on 07.04.2008, 00:00 by Irma Sánchez-Lombardo, Anatoly K. Yatsimirsky
Potentiometric titrations of La(III), Nd(III), and Eu(III) perchlorates by Me4N(OH) in 80% vol aq DMSO revealed formation of predominantly mononuclear complexes M(OH)n3−n (n = 1, 2, or 3) and a single binuclear complex M2(OH)5+. Kinetics of the cleavage of two phosphate diesters, bis (4-nitrophenyl) phosphate (BNPP) and 2-hydroxypropyl 4-nitrophenyl phosphate (HPNPP), and a triester, 4-nitrophenyl diethyl phosphate (paraoxon), were studied as a function of metal and Me4N(OH) concentrations in the same medium. Rate of BNPP cleavage is second-order in metal and is proportional to the product of concentrations of M(OH)2+ and M(OH)3 species. Rate of HPNPP cleavage is proportional to [M(OH)3]3 for La(III) and Nd(III) and to [M(OH)3]2 for Eu(III). Proposed mechanism for BNPP hydrolysis involves formation of M2(OH)5(diester) intermediate followed by intramolecular nucleophilic attack of hydroxide anion on the phosphoryl group of the substrate. Proposed mechanism for HPNPP cleavage involves formation of M3(OH)9(diester) or M2(OH)6(diester) intermediates followed by the general base-assisted intramolecular cyclization of HPNPP. The latter mechanism is supported by observation of the solvent kinetic isotope effect kH/kD = 2.9 for Eu(III) catalyzed HPNPP cleavage. The efficiency of catalysis in 80% DMSO is much higher than in water. The reaction rate observed in the presence of 1 mM metal in neutral solution surpasses the rate of background hydrolysis by a factor of 1012−1013 for BNPP and 1010 for HPNPP. The increased catalytic activity is attributed principally to the preferable solvation of lanthanide ions by DMSO, which creates an anhydrous microenvironment favorable for reaction in the coordination sphere of the catalyst. The catalytic activity of lanthanides in paraoxon hydrolysis is much lower with the estimated efficiency of catalysis about 105 for 1 mM La(III).