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Selective Surfaces: High-Surface-Area Zinc Tin Sulfide Chalcogels

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journal contribution
posted on 10.05.2011 by Youngtak Oh, Santanu Bag, Christos D. Malliakas, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis
Porous zinc tin sulfide aerogel materials were constructed by metathesis reactions between Zn(acac)2·H2O and tetrahedral thiostannate cluster salts containing discrete [SnS4]4-, [Sn2S6]4-, and [Sn4S10]4- units. Self-assembly reactions of the Zn2+ linker and anionic thiostannate clusters yielded polymeric random Zn/Sn/S networks with gelation properties. Supercritical drying of the gels and solvent/counterion removal resulted in a metal sulfur framework. Zn2SnxS2x+2 (x = 1, 2, 4) aerogels showed high surface areas (363−520 m2/g) and pore volumes (1.1−1.5 cm3/g), and wide bandgap energies (2.8−3.2 eV). Scanning and transmission electron microscopy studies show the pores are micro- (d < 2 nm), meso- (2 nm < d < 50 nm), and macro- (d > 50 nm) regions. The zinc chalcogenide aerogels also possess high affinities toward soft heavy metals and reversible absorption of strong electron-accepting molecules.