Selective Palladium-Catalyzed Cocyclotrimerization of Arynes with Dimethyl Acetylenedicarboxylate: A Versatile Method for the Synthesis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons†
journal contributionposted on 16.09.2000 by Diego Peña, Dolores Pérez, Enrique Guitián, Luis Castedo
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Benzyne (1a) and the substituted derivatives 4,5-difluorobenzyne (1b) and 3-methoxybenzyne (2) undergo chemoselective palladium-catalyzed [2 + 2 + 2]-cocyclotrimerization with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (DMAD) to afford the corresponding phenanthrenes and/or naphthalenes. The major products are phenanthrenes if Pd(PPh3)4 is used as the catalyst, naphthalenes if Pd2(dba)3 is used. When the method is applied to polycyclic arynes 3−6, which are generated from the corresponding o-trimethylsilylaryl triflates, the same reactivity pattern is observed: the reaction can be selectively directed either toward the cocyclization of one molecule of aryne and two molecules of alkyne or to the reaction of two molecules of aryne with one molecule of alkyne, by appropriate choice of the palladium catalyst. The synthesis of polycyclic aromatic compounds 33−39 using this methodology is reported.