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Relative Principal Components Analysis: Application to Analyzing Biomolecular Conformational Changes

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journal contribution
posted on 14.02.2019 by Mazen Ahmad, Volkhard Helms, Olga V. Kalinina, Thomas Lengauer
A new method termed “Relative Principal Components Analysis” (RPCA) is introduced that extracts optimal relevant principal components to describe the change between two data samples representing two macroscopic states. The method is widely applicable in data-driven science. Calculating the components is based on a physical framework that introduces the objective function (the Kullback–Leibler divergence) appropriate for quantifying the change of the macroscopic state affected by the changes in the microscopic features. To demonstrate the applicability of RPCA, we analyze the thermodynamically relevant conformational changes of the protein HIV-1 protease upon binding to different drug molecules. In this case, the RPCA method provides a sound thermodynamic foundation for analyzing the binding process and thus characterizing both the collective and the locally relevant conformational changes. Moreover, the relevant collective conformational changes can be reconstructed from the informative latent variables to exhibit both the enhanced and the restricted conformational fluctuations upon ligand association.