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Redox-Responsive Efficient DNA and Drug Co-Release from Micelleplexes Formed from a Fluorescent Cationic Amphiphilic Polymer

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journal contribution
posted on 29.10.2019 by Satyagopal Sahoo, Shibayan Kayal, Puja Poddar, Dibakar Dhara
Cationic polymeric micelles that are capable of co-releasing drugs and DNA into cells have attracted considerable interest as combination chemotherapy in cancer treatment. To this effect, we have presently developed a cationic fluorescent amphiphilic copolymer, poly­(N,N′-dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate)-b-(poly­(2-(methacryloyl)­oxyethyl-2′-hydroxyethyl disulfidecholate)-r-2-(methacryloyloxy)­ethyl-1-pyrenebutyrate) [PDMAEMA-b-(PMAODCA-r-PPBA)], having pendent cholate moiety linked through a redox-responsive disulfide bond. The amphiphilic nature of the copolymer facilitated the formation of cationic micellar nanoparticles in aqueous medium. The self-assembly of the copolymer to form micelles and subsequent destabilization of the micelles in the presence of glutathione (GSH) was monitored by the change in the fluorescence characteristic of the attached pyrene resulting from alteration in the hydrophobicity of its neighborhood. These micellar nanoparticles were subsequently utilized in encapsulating hydrophobic anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX), in the core of the micelles, whereas the cationic shell of the micelles was used for complexation with oppositely charged DNA to form micelleplexes. Gel retardation assays, ethidium bromide (EB) exclusion assay, and DLS and AFM studies confirmed the successful binding of the cationic micelles with DNA. The binding capability of the micelles was higher than corresponding cationic linear PDMAEMA. The kinetics of the simultaneous release of encapsulated DOX and complexed DNA in the presence of glutathione was thoroughly studied using various techniques. All the experiments showed fast and efficient release of DOX and DNA from DOX-loaded micelleplexes. The study implies that these redox-responsive cationic micelles may open up new opportunities toward co-delivery of DNA and anticancer drugs in combinatorial therapy.