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Rapid Topochemical Modification of Layered Perovskites via Microwave Reactions

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journal contribution
posted on 02.02.2016 by Sara Akbarian-Tefaghi, Elaine Teixeira Veiga, Guillaume Amand, John B. Wiley
An effective microwave approach to the topochemical modification of different layered oxide perovskite hosts is presented where cation exchange, grafting, and intercalation reactions with acid, n-alkyl alcohols, and n-alkylamines, respectively, are successfully carried out. Microwave-assisted proton exchange reactions involving double- and triple-layered Dion–Jacobson and Ruddlesden–Popper perovskite family members, RbLnNb2O7 (Ln = La, Pr), KCa2Nb3O10, Li2CaTa2O7, and Na2La2Ti3O10, were found to be quite efficient, decreasing reaction times from several days to ≤3 h. Grafting and intercalation reactions involving double-layered perovskites were also quite rapid with full conversions occurring in as fast as an hour. Interestingly, triple-layered hosts were found to show different behavior; when complete intercalations were possible, grafting reactions were limited at best. Utilization of this rapid synthetic approach could help facilitate the fabrication of new organic–inorganic hybrids.