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Protein−Cofactor Interactions and EPR Parameters for the QH Quinone Binding Site of Quinol Oxidase. A Density Functional Study

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journal contribution
posted on 03.05.2006, 00:00 by Sylwia Kacprzak, Martin Kaupp, Fraser MacMillan
Recent multifrequency EPR studies of the “high-affinity” quinone binding site of quinol oxidase (QH site) have suggested a very asymmetric hydrogen-bonding environment for the semiquinone radical anion state. Single-sided hydrogen bonding to the O1 carbonyl position was one of the proposals, which contrasts with some previous experimental indications. Here density functional calculations of the EPR parameters (g-tensors, 13C, 1H, and 17O hyperfine tensors) for a wide variety of supermolecular model complexes have been used to provide insight into the detailed relations among structure, environment, and EPR parameters of ubisemiquinone radical anions. A single-sided binding model is not able to account for the experimentally observed low gx component of the g-tensor or for the observed magnitude of the asymmetry of the 13C carbonyl HFC tensors. Based on the detailed comparison between computation and experiment, a model with two hydrogen bonds to O1 and one hydrogen bond to O4 is suggested for the QH site, but a model with one more hydrogen bond on each side cannot be excluded. Several general conclusions on the interrelations between EPR parameters and hydrogen bond patterns of ubisemiquinones in proteins are provided.