Protein Binding Kinetics in Multimodal Systems: Implications for Protein Separations
journal contributionposted on 07.12.2017 by Kartik Srinivasan, Mirco Sorci, Lars Sejergaard, Swarnim Ranjan, Georges Belfort, Steven M. Cramer
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In this work, quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) was employed to study the kinetic processes involved in the interaction of proteins with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of multimodal (MM) ligands. SAMs were fabricated to mimic two chromatographic multimodal resins with varying accessibility of the aromatic moiety to provide a well-defined model system. Kinetic parameters were determined for two different proteins in the presence of the arginine and guanidine and a comparison was made with chromatographic retention data. The results indicated that the accessibility of the ligand’s aromatic moiety can have an important impact on the kinetics and chromatographic retention behavior. Interestingly, arginine and guanidine had very different effects on the protein adsorption and desorption kinetics in these MM systems. For cytochrome C, arginine resulted in a significant decrease and increase in the adsorption and desorption rates, respectively, while guanidine produced a dramatic increase in the desorption rate, with minimal effect on the adsorption rate. In addition, at different concentrations of arginine, two distinct kinetic scenarios were observed. For α-chymotrypsin, the presence of 0.1 M guanidine in the aromatic exposed ligand system produced an increase in the adsorption rate and only a moderate increase in the desorption rate, which helped to explain the surprising increase in the chromatographic salt elution concentration. These results demonstrate that protein adsorption kinetics in the presence of different mobile phase modifiers and MM ligand chemistries can play an important role in contributing to selectivity in MM chromatography.