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Polyphosphoestered Nanomedicines with Tunable Surface Hydrophilicity for Cancer Drug Delivery

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journal contribution
posted on 08.07.2020 by Li Wang, Shu-Ya Li, Wei Jiang, Hao Liu, Jia-Xiang Dou, Xiao-Qiu Li, Yu-Cai Wang
The surface hydrophilicity of nanoparticles has a major impact on their biological fates. Ascertaining the correlation between nanoparticle surface hydrophilicity and their biological behaviors is particularly instructive for future nanomedicine design and their antitumor efficacy optimization. Herein, we designed a series of polymeric nanoparticles based on polyphosphoesters with well-controlled surface hydrophilicity in the molecular level and systemically evaluated their biological behaviors. The results demonstrated that high surface hydrophilicity preferred lower protein absorption, better stability, longer blood circulation, and higher tumor accumulation but lower cellular uptake. Upon encapsulation of drugs, nanoparticles with high hydrophilicity showed an excellent antitumor therapeutic efficacy in both primary and metastatic tumors as compared to the relatively hydrophobic ones. Further analyses revealed that the superior antitumor outcome was attributed to the balance of tumor accumulation and cellular uptake, demonstrating the particular importance of nanoparticle surface hydrophilicity regulation on the antitumor efficacy. Our work provides a potent guideline for a rational designation on the surface hydrophilicity of nanoparticles for cancer treatment optimization.