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Polymer Electrolyte Glue: A Universal Interfacial Modification Strategy for All-Solid-State Li Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 11.03.2019, 00:00 by Derui Dong, Bin Zhou, Yufei Sun, Hui Zhang, Guiming Zhong, Qingyu Dong, Fang Fu, Hao Qian, Zhiyong Lin, Derong Lu, Yanbin Shen, Jihuai Wu, Liwei Chen, Hongwei Chen
In recent years solid Li+ conductors with competitive ionic conductivity to those of liquid electrolytes have been reported. However, the incorporation of highly conductive solid electrolytes into the lithium-ion batteries is still very challenging mainly due to the high resistance existing at the solid–solid interfaces throughout the battery structure. Here, we demonstrated a universal interfacial modification strategy through coating a curable polymer-based glue electrolyte between the electrolyte and electrodes, aiming to address the poor solid–solid contact and thus decrease high interfacial resistance. The liquid glue exhibits both great wettability as well as chemical/electrochemical stability to most of the electrodes, and it can be easily solidified into a polymer electrolyte layer through a “post-curing” treatment. As a result, symmetric Li batteries with the glue modification exhibit much smaller impedance and enhanced stability upon plating/stripping cycles compared to the batteries without glue modification. The all-solid-state Li–S batteries with glue modification show significantly enhanced performances. The strategy of developing glue electrolytes to improve the electrode–electrolyte interface contact provides an alternative option for improving many other solid-state batteries.