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Picosecond Pulse Radiolysis of the Liquid Diethyl Carbonate

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journal contribution
posted on 18.02.2016, 13:45 by Fayçal Torche, Abdel Karim El Omar, Philippe Babilotte, Sébastien Sorgues, Uli Schmidhammer, Jean-Louis Marignier, Mehran Mostafavi, Jacqueline Belloni
The diethyl carbonate, DEC, is an ester that is used as a solvent in Li-ion batteries, but its behavior under ionizing radiation was unknown. The transient optical absorption spectra, the decay kinetics, and the influence of various scavengers have been studied by using the picosecond laser-triggered electron accelerator ELYSE. In neat DEC, the intense near-IR (NIR) absorption spectrum is assigned to the solvated electron. It is overlapped in the visible range by another transient but longer-lived and less intense band that is assigned to the oxidized radical DEC­(−H). The solvated electron molar absorption coefficients and radiolytic yield evolution from 25 ps, the geminate recombination kinetics, and the rate constants of electron transfer reactions to scavengers are determined. The radiolytic mechanism, indicating a certain radioresistance of DEC, is compared with that for other solvents.