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Physics behind the Barrier to Internal Rotation of an Acetyl Chloride Molecule: A Combined Approach from Density Functional Theory, Car–Parrinello Molecular Dynamics, and Time-Resolved Wavelet Transform Theory

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journal contribution
posted on 22.06.2018 by Bipan Dutta, Biplab Bhattacharjee, Joydeep Chowdhury
The physics behind the barriers to internal rotation of acetyl chloride (AC) molecule has been reported. The AC molecule closely resembles the molecular structure of acetaldehyde; the only subtle difference is the presence of a heavy chlorine atom in place of the hydrogen atom of the aldehyde group for the latter. This paper aims to study the effect of substitution of the heavy chlorine atom on the barrier energetics of the AC molecule. The reason behind the barrier for the AC molecule has been estimated for the first time from the unified approach using barrier energetics, natural bond orbital, nuclear virial, and relaxation analyses using density functional theory, Car–Parrinello molecular dynamics, and wavelet transform theory. Complete analyses reveal the concomitant relaxations of both the in-plane Cmethyl–C1 and Cmethyl–H4 bonds toward understanding the origin of the barrier due to internal rotation for the AC molecule. The large negative value of “V6” further suggests that both the abovementioned degrees of freedom are coupled with the −CH3 torsional vibration of the molecule. The coupling matrix (H12) element has also been estimated. Time-resolved band stretching frequencies of Cmethyl–C1 and C1–Cl3 bonds of the AC molecule, as obtained from wavelet transformation analysis, primarily preclude the possibility of coupling between the C1–Cl3 bond and the torsional motion associated with the methyl group of the molecule.