Palladium-Catalyzed Carbocyclization of Allene−Diene Derivatives. Exploring Different Nucleophiles
journal contributionposted on 23.08.2003, 00:00 by Joakim Löfstedt, Katja Närhi, Ismet Dorange, Jan-E. Bäckvall
The palladium-catalyzed carbocyclization of allene−diene derivatives leading to the stereospecific formation of various 4-substituted [4.3.0] and [5.3.0] bicyclic systems is presented. Different functionalities were introduced at the C-4 position of the bicyclic systems by using a range of external nucleophiles such as carboxylic acids, alcohols, phenols, and thiophenols. In the previous protocol acetic acid was used as solvent and also served as nucleophile. In this new methodology, reactions were run in nonnucleophlic solvents such as CH2Cl2 or acetone in the presence of the appropriate nucleophile, making this new protocol a more versatile tool in organic synthesis. It is noteworthy that the Pd(II)-catalyzed cyclization of cycloheptadiene-derivative 1b gave exclusively the trans-annulated bicycle 4. Depending on the nature of the nucleophile, the regioselectivity of the reaction could be tuned to afford exclusively 4b or 4c‘ (Scheme ). The mechanistic pathway is discussed.