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Oxide Neuromorphic Transistors Gated by Polyvinyl Alcohol Solid Electrolytes with Ultralow Power Consumption

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journal contribution
posted on 23.07.2019 by Li Qiang Guo, Hui Han, Li Qiang Zhu, Yan Bo Guo, Fei Yu, Zheng Yu Ren, Hui Xiao, Zi Yi Ge, Jian Ning Ding
Neuromorphic devices and systems with ultralow power consumption are important in building artificial intelligent systems. Here, indium tin oxide (ITO)-based oxide neuromorphic transistors are fabricated using poly­(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-based proton-conducting electrolytes as gate dielectrics. The electrical performances of the transistors can be modulated with the ITO channel thickness. Fundamental synaptic functions, including excitatory postsynaptic current, paired-pulse facilitation, and multistore memory, are successfully emulated. Most importantly, the PVA-gated neuromorphic devices demonstrate ultralow energy consumption of ∼1.16 fJ with ultrahigh sensitivity of ∼5.4 dB, as is very important for neuromorphic engineering applications. Because of the inherent environmental-friendly characteristics of PVA, the devices possess security biocompatibility. Thus, the proposed PVA-gated oxide neuromorphic transistors may find potential applications in “green” ultrasensitive neuromorphic systems and efficient electronic biological interfaces.