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One-Pot, Three-Component Synthesis of 7-Azaindole Derivatives from N-Substituted 2-Amino-4-cyanopyrroles, Various Aldehydes, and Active Methylene Compounds

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journal contribution
posted on 09.07.2012, 00:00 by Marcelo Vilches-Herrera, Ingo Knepper, Nayane de Souza, Alexander Villinger, Vyacheslav Ya. Sosnovskikh, Viktor O. Iaroshenko
An efficient and practical route to 7-azaindole framework has been developed by one-pot, three-component cyclocondensation of N-substituted 2-amino-4-cyanopyrroles, various aldehydes, and active methylene compounds in ethanol or acetic acid at reflux. Reactions involving tetronic acid, indane-1,3-dione, dimedone, and 5-phenylcyclohexane-1,3-dione gave carbocyclic fused 7-azaindoles, whereas Meldrum’s acid, benzoylacetonitrile, and malononitrile resulted in the highly substituted 7-azaindole derivatives, making this strategy very useful in diversity-oriented synthesis (DOS).