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One-Pot Synthesis of High-Quality Zinc-Blende CdS Nanocrystals

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journal contribution
posted on 10.11.2004 by Y. Charles Cao, Jianhui Wang
This paper reports a one-pot synthetic method for producing CdS nanocrystals. We have demonstrated that the nanocrystal nucleation and growth stages can be automatically separated in a homogeneous system with the presence of nucleation initiators. Accelerators used for more than 70 years in rubber vulcanization (i.e., tetraethylthiuram disulfides, and 2,2‘-dithiobisbenzothiazole) were found to be effective nucleation initiators for CdS nanocrystal synthesis. The as-prepared CdS nanocrystals are highly monodisperse and possess a zinc blende crystal structure. The quantum yield of the band-gap photoluminescence is up to 12% when the surface-trap emission was totally eliminated after a gentle oxidation under laboratory fluorescent light.