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Non-naturally Occurring Regio Isomer of Lysophosphatidylserine Exhibits Potent Agonistic Activity toward G Protein-Coupled Receptors

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journal contribution
posted on 24.08.2020 by Sho Nakamura, Misa Sayama, Akiharu Uwamizu, Sejin Jung, Masaya Ikubo, Yuko Otani, Kuniyuki Kano, Jumpei Omi, Asuka Inoue, Junken Aoki, Tomohiko Ohwada
Lysophosphatidylserine (LysoPS), an endogenous ligand of G protein-coupled receptors, consists of l-serine, glycerol, and fatty acid moieties connected by phosphodiester and ester linkages, respectively. An ester linkage of phosphatidylserine can be hydrolyzed at the 1-position or at the 2-position to give 2-acyl lysophospholipid or 1-acyl lysophospholipid, respectively. 2-Acyl lysophospholipid is in nonenzymatic equilibrium with 1-acyl lysophospholipid in vivo. On the other hand, 3-acyl lysophospholipid is not found, at least in mammals, raising the question of whether the reason for this might be that the 3-acyl isomer lacks the biological activities of the other isomers. Here, to test this idea, we designed and synthesized a series of new 3-acyl lysophospholipids. Structure–activity relationship studies of more than 100 “glycol surrogate” derivatives led to the identification of potent and selective agonists for LysoPS receptors GPR34 and P2Y10. Thus, the non-natural 3-acyl compounds are indeed active and appear to be biologically orthogonal with respect to the physiologically relevant 1- and 2-acyl lysophospholipids.