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New Members of a Class of Iron−Thiolate−Nitrosyl Compounds:  Trinuclear Iron−Thiolate−Nitrosyl Complexes Containing Fe3S6 Core

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journal contribution
posted on 07.02.2007, 00:00 by I-Jui Hsu, Chung-Hung Hsieh, Shyue-Chu Ke, Kuo-An Chiang, Jenn-Min Lee, Jin-Ming Chen, Ling-Yun Jang, Gene-Hsiang Lee, Yu Wang, Wen-Feng Liaw
The neutral trinuclear iron−thiolate−nitrosyl, [(ON)Fe(μ-S,S-C6H4)]3 (1), and its oxidation product, [(ON)Fe(μ-S,S-C6H4)]3[PF6] (2), were synthesized and characterized by IR, X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and magnetic measurement. The five-coordinated, square pyramidal geometry around each iron atom in complex 1 remains intact when complex 1 is oxidized to yield complex 2. Magnetic measurements and EPR results show that there is only one unpaired electron in complex 1 (Stotal = 1/2) and no unpaired electron (Stotal = 0) in 2. The detailed geometric comparisons between complexes 1 and 2 provide understanding of the role that the unpaired electron plays in the chemical bonding of this trinuclear complex. Significant shortening of the Fe−Fe, Fe−N, and Fe−S distances around Fe(1) is observed when complex 1 is oxidized to 2. This result implicates that the removal of the unpaired electron does induce the strengthening of the Fe−Fe, Fe−N, and Fe−S bonds in the Fe(1) fragment. A significant shift of the νNO stretching frequency from 1751 cm-1 (1) to 1821, 1857 cm-1 (2) (KBr) also indicates the strengthening of the N−O bonds in complex 2. The EPR, X-ray absorption, magnetic measurements, and molecular orbital calculations lead to the conclusion that the unpaired electron in complex 1 is mainly allocated in the Fe(1) fragment and is best described as {Fe(1)NO}7, so that the unpaired electron is delocalized between Fe and NO via d−π* orbital interaction; some contributions from [Fe(2)NO] and [Fe(3)NO] as well as the thiolates associated with Fe (1) are also realized. According to MO calculations, the spin density of complex 1 is predominately located at the Fe atoms with 0.60, −0.15, and 0.25 at Fe(1), Fe(2), and Fe(3), respectively.