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Nanoporous Platinum/(Mn,Al)3O4 Nanosheet Nanocomposites with Synergistically Enhanced Ultrahigh Oxygen Reduction Activity and Excellent Methanol Tolerance

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journal contribution
posted on 05.01.2017 by Conghui Si, Jie Zhang, Ying Wang, Wensheng Ma, Hui Gao, Lanfen Lv, Zhonghua Zhang
At present, metal/metal oxide composites are considered as potential oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts for energy-related applications like fuel cells. Here, we fabricated a high-activity, low Pt loading ORR electrocatalyst composed of nanoporous Pt (np-Pt) in intimate contact with lamellar (Mn,Al)3O4 nanosheet (NS). In comparison to Pt/C (Johnson Matthey), the np-Pt/(Mn,Al)3O4 NS catalyst shows a 11.5-fold enhancement in the mass-normalized ORR activity and much better methanol tolerance because of the metal–support interactions between np-Pt and (Mn,Al)3O4. Furthermore, the combination of electrochemical experiments with theoretical calculations verifies that the ORR on the np-Pt/(Mn,Al)3O4 NS catalyst is a direct 4e pathway in the alkaline solution. In addition, the electrocatalytic mechanisms have also been rationalized by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.