Multilayer Ag-Embedded Silica Nanostructure as a Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering-Based Chemical Sensor with Dual-Function Internal Standards
2018-10-30T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy is attractive in various detection analysis fields. However, the quantitative method using SERS spectroscopy remains as an area to be developed. The key issues in developing quantitative analysis methods by using SERS spectroscopy are the fabrication of reliable SERS-active materials such as nanoparticle-based structures and the acquisition of the SERS signal without any disturbance that may change the SERS signal intensity and frequency. Here, the fabrication of seamless multilayered core–shell nanoparticles with an embedded Raman label compound as an internal standard (MLRLC dots) for quantitative SERS analysis is reported. The embedded Raman label compound in the nanostructure provides a reference value for calibrating the SERS signals. By using the MLRLC dots, it is possible to gain target analyte signals of different concentrations while retaining the Raman signal of the internal standard. The ML4‑BBT dots, containing 4-bromobenzenethiol (4-BBT) as an internal standard, are successfully applied in the quantitative analysis of 4-fluorobenzenethiol and thiram, a model pesticide. Additionally, ratiometric analysis was proved practical through normalization of the relative SERS intensity. The ratiometric strategy could be applied to various SERS substrates for quantitative detection of a wide variety of targets.