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Multifactor Statistical Analysis of H2O2-Enhanced Photodegradation of Nicotine and Phosphamidon

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journal contribution
posted on 15.04.2009 by Amanda M. Nienow, Inez Hua, Irene C. Poyer, Juan César Bezares-Cruz, Chad T. Jafvert
Direct and indirect photolysis (λ = 254 nm) of aqueous nicotine and phosphamidon were studied. A central composite design was used to explore the effects of initial [H2O2] (0−10 mM), pH (2.8−11.2), and ionic strength (Ic = 0.02−0.71 M) on the rate constants of nicotine and phosphamidon separately dissolved in a surface water surrogate matrix. Five levels of each factor were included in the design. For nicotine, the fastest predicted photochemical oxidation rate constant (k = 0.43 min−1) occurred under the following conditions: pH = 7.5, [H2O2] = 7.5 mM, and Ic = 0.02 M. This rate constant predicts that 90% of the nicotine will react within 5.4 min under these conditions. In general, the photochemical oxidation of nicotine is more rapid at lower ionic strength and near-neutral pH values. For phosphamidon, the fastest predicted oxidation rate constant (k = 0.65 min−1) occurred at a pH of 7.1 and [H2O2] of 5 mM. Under these conditions, 90% of the phosphamidon would react within 3.5 min of treatment. Like nicotine, the photochemical oxidation of phosphamidon is more rapid at near-neutral pH values. Ionic strength has no significant effect on the photochemical oxidation of phosphamidon.