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Molecular Recognition of Adeninium Cations on Anionic Metal−Oxalato Frameworks:  An Experimental and Theoretical Analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 30.04.2007 by Juan P. García-Terán, Oscar Castillo, Antonio Luque, Urko García-Couceiro, Garikoitz Beobide, Pascual Román
Reactions of adenine with water-soluble oxalato complexes at acidic pH give the compounds (1H,9H-ade)2[Cu(ox)2(H2O)] (1) [H2ade = adeninium cation (1+), ox = oxalato ligand (2−)] and (3H,7H-ade)2[M(ox)2(H2O)2]·2H2O [M(II) = Co (2), Zn (3)]. The X-ray single crystal analyses show that the supramolecular architecture of all compounds is built up of anionic sheets of metal−oxalato−water complexes and ribbons of cationic nucleobases among them to afford lamellar inorganic−organic hybrid materials. The molecular recognition process between the organic and the inorganic frameworks determines the isolated tautomeric form of the adeninium cation found in the crystal structures:  the canonical 1H,9H for compound 1, and the first solid-state characterized 3H,7H-adeninium tautomer for compounds 2 and 3. Density functional theory calculations have been performed to study the stability of the protonated nucleobase forms and their hydrogen-bonded associations by comparing experimental and theoretical results.