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Mixed Valence Aspects of Diruthenium Complexes [{(L)ClRu}2(μ-tppz)]n+ Incorporating 2-(2-Pyridyl)azoles (L) as Ancillary Functions and 2,3,5,6-Tetrakis(2-pyridyl)pyrazine (Tppz) as Bis-Tridentate Bridging Ligand

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journal contribution
posted on 09.08.2004 by Nripen Chanda, Biprajit Sarkar, Sanjib Kar, Jan Fiedler, Wolfgang Kaim, Goutam Kumar Lahiri
Tppz [2,3,5,6-tetrakis(2-pyridyl)pyrazine]-bridged complexes [{(L)ClRu}2(μ-tppz)]n+ with structurally similar but electronically different ancillary ligands, 2-(2-pyridyl)azoles (L), were synthesized as diruthenium(II) species. Cyclic voltammetry, EPR of paramagnetic states, and UV−vis−NIR spectroelectrochemistry show that the first two reduction processes occur at the tppz bridge and that oxidation involves mainly the metal centers. The mixed valent intermediates from one-electron oxidation exhibit moderate comproportionation constants 104 < Kc < 105 but appear to be valence-averaged according to the Hush criterion. Redox potentials, EPR, and UV−vis−NIR results show the effect of increasing donor strength of the ancillary ligands along the sequence L1 < L2 < L4 ≪ L3, L1 = 2-(2-pyridyl)benzoxazole, L2 = 2-(2-pyridyl)benzthiazole, L3 = 2-(2-pyridyl)benzimidazolate, L4 = 1-methyl-2-(2-pyridyl)-1H-benzimidazole. Whereas the mixed valent complexes with L1 and L2 remain EPR silent at 4 K, the analogues with L4 and L3 exhibit typical ruthenium(III) EPR signals, albeit with some noticeable ligand contribution in the case of the L3-containing complex. Intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) bands were found in the visible spectrum for the complex with L3 but in the near-infrared range (at ca. 1500 nm) for the other systems.