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LyP-1-Modified Multifunctional Dendrimers for Targeted Antitumor and Antimetastasis Therapy

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journal contribution
posted on 03.03.2020 by Ningning Song, Lingzhou Zhao, Xiaoying Xu, Meilin Zhu, Changcun Liu, Na Sun, Jiqin Yang, Xiangyang Shi, Jinhua Zhao
We designed and synthesized 131I-labeled dendrimers modified with the LyP-1 peptide as a multifunctional platform for single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, radionuclide therapy, and antimetastasis therapy of cancer. The multifunctional platform was constructed by modifying amine-terminated generation 5 poly­(amidoamine) dendrimers with 33.1 LyP-1 peptide and 9.2 3-(4′-hydroxyphenyl)­propionic acid-OSu (HPAO), followed by acetylation of the remaining dendrimer terminal amines and radiolabeling with 131I via the HPAO moieties. The LyP-1-modified dendrimers showed favorable cytocompatibility in the studied concentration range of 0.1–10 μM for 24 h and could be labeled by 131I with satisfactory radiochemical purity (>99%) and stability (>90% even at 16 h). The 131I-labeled LyP-1-modified dendrimers were capable of being utilized as a diagnostic probe for SPECT imaging and as a therapeutic agent for radionuclide therapy and antimetastasis of cancer cells in vitro and in a subcutaneous tumor model in vivo. Based on analyses of the tumor microenvironment, the antitumor and antimetastasis effects could be because of the reduced levels of the molecular markers associated with proliferation and metastasis, improved local hypoxia, and increased apoptosis rate. The developed 131I-labeled dendrimeric nanodevice may hold great promise to be used as a nanotheranostic platform for cancer diagnosis and therapy.