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Low Reorganization Energy for Electron Self-Exchange by a Formally Copper(III,II) Redox Couple

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journal contribution
posted on 02.10.2019 by Timothy J. Zerk, Caroline T. Saouma, James M. Mayer, William B. Tolman
The rate constant for electron self-exchange (k11) between LCuOH and [LCuOH] (L = bis-2,6-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)­carboximido­pyridine) was determined using the Marcus cross relation. This work involved measurement of the rate of the cross-reaction between [Bu4N]­[LCuOH] and [Fc]­[BAr4F] (Fc+ = ferrocenium; BAr4F = tetrakis­[3,5-bis­(trifluoromethyl)­phenyl]­borate)) by stopped-flow methods at −88 °C in CH2Cl2 and measurement of the equilibrium constant for the redox process by UV–vis titrations under the same conditions. A value of k11 = 3 × 104 M–1 s–1 (−88 °C) led to estimation of a value 9 × 106 M–1 s–1 at 25 °C, which is among the highest values known for copper redox couples. Further Marcus analysis enabled determination of a low reorganization energy, λ = 0.95 ± 0.17 eV, attributed to minimal structural variation between the redox partners. In addition, the reaction entropy (ΔS°) associated with the LCuOH/[LCuOH] self-exchange was determined from the temperature dependence of the redox potentials, and found to be dependent upon ionic strength. Comparisons to other Cu redox systems and potential new applications for the formally CuIII,II system are discussed.