Large-Scale Screening of Foods for Glucose-Derived β‑Carboline Alkaloids by Stable Isotope Dilution LC–MS/MS
journal contributionposted on 15.03.2019, 00:00 by Yannick Hövelmann, Lea Lewin, Florian Hübner, Hans-Ulrich Humpf
The occurrence of glucose-derived β-carboline alkaloids tangutorid E (Tan E) and tangutorid F (Tan F) as well as their dehydroxy-derivatives (DH-Tan E/F) was investigated in a broad variety of foodstuffs by LC–MS/MS-based stable isotope dilution analysis (SIDA). For that purpose, the target compounds and their 13C6-stable isotope-labeled analogues were synthesized from l-tryptophan and (13C6-)d-glucose and used to develop a rapid LC–MS/MS–SIDA method. After validation for several food matrices, the method was applied to the analysis of these β-carbolines in 80 food items. Quantitative amounts were detected in 46.3, 50.0, and 42.5% of the samples regarding Tan E, Tan F, and DH-Tan E/F, respectively, with corresponding ranges of 0.01–6.75, 0.01–5.07, and 0.01–0.75 mg/kg; the highest amounts were found in processed tomato products. A combination of the obtained occurrence data in foods with average food consumption data led to the calculation of rough estimates for the chronic daily intake of those alkaloids, yielding values of 0.44, 0.36, and 0.13 μg/kg body weight/day for Tan E, Tan F, and DH-Tan E/F, respectively. Evidently, the consumption of processed tomato-based products accounts for the majority of the total daily intake of the investigated β-carbolines; the potential bioactivities of Tan E, Tan F, and DH-Tan E/F have yet to be investigated.