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Interrogation of Base Pairing of the Spiroiminodihydantoin Diastereomers Using the α‑Hemolysin Latch

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journal contribution
posted on 23.02.2017 by Tao Zeng, Aaron M. Fleming, Yun Ding, Henry S. White, Cynthia J. Burrows
Spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp) is a hyperoxidized form of guanine (G) resulting from oxidation by reactive oxygen species. The lesion is highly mutagenic, and the stereocenter renders the two isomers with distinct behaviors in chemical, spectroscopic, enzymatic, and computational studies. In this work, the α-hemolysin (αHL) latch sensing zone was employed to investigate the base pairing properties of the Sp diastereomers embedded in a double-stranded DNA. Duplexes containing (S)-Sp consistently gave deeper current blockage, and a baseline resolution of ∼0.8 pA was achieved between (S)-Sp:G and (R)-Sp:G base pairs. Ion fluxes were generally more hindered when Sp was placed opposite pyrimidines. Analysis of the current noise of blockade events further provided dynamics information about the Sp-containing base pairs. In general, base pairs comprised of (S)-Sp generated current fluctuations larger than those of their (R)-Sp counterparts, suggesting enhanced base pairing dynamics. The current noise was also substantially affected by the identity of the base opposite Sp, increasing in the following order: A < G < T < C. This report provides information about the dynamic structure of Sp in the DNA duplex and therefore has implications for the enzymatic repair of the Sp diastereomers.