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Interactome Analysis of NS1 Protein Encoded by Influenza A H7N9 Virus Reveals an Inhibitory Role of NS1 in Host mRNA Maturation

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journal contribution
posted on 20.03.2018, 00:00 by Rei-Lin Kuo, Chi-Jene Chen, Ee-Hong Tam, Chung-Guei Huang, Li-Hsin Li, Zong-Hua Li, Pei-Chia Su, Hao-Ping Liu, Chih-Ching Wu
Influenza A virus infections can result in severe respiratory diseases. The H7N9 subtype of avian influenza A virus has been transmitted to humans and caused severe disease and death. Nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) of influenza A virus is a virulence determinant during viral infection. To elucidate the functions of the NS1 encoded by influenza A H7N9 virus (H7N9 NS1), interaction partners of H7N9 NS1 in human cells were identified with immunoprecipitation followed by SDS-PAGE coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GeLC–MS/MS). We identified 36 cellular proteins as the interacting partners of the H7N9 NS1, and they are involved in RNA processing, mRNA splicing via spliceosome, and the mRNA surveillance pathway. Two of the interacting partners, cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor subunit 2 (CPSF2) and CPSF7, were confirmed to interact with H7N9 NS1 using coimmunoprecipitation and immunoblotting based on the previous finding that the two proteins are involved in pre-mRNA polyadenylation machinery. Furthermore, we illustrate that overexpression of H7N9 NS1, as well as infection by the influenza A H7N9 virus, interfered with pre-mRNA polyadenylation in host cells. This study comprehensively profiled the interactome of H7N9 NS1 in host cells, and the results demonstrate a novel endotype for H7N9 NS1 in inhibiting host mRNA maturation.