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Infrared Identification of Proton-Bound Rare-Gas Dimers (XeHXe)+, (KrHKr)+, and (KrHXe)+ and Their Deuterated Species in Solid Hydrogen

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journal contribution
posted on 19.03.2015, 00:00 by Masashi Tsuge, Jaroslaw Kalinowski, R. Benny Gerber, Yuan-Pern Lee
Proton-bound rare-gas dimer (RgHRg)+, in which Rg represents a rare-gas atom, serves as a prototypical system for proton solvation by inert-gas atoms. Until now, only centrosymmetric species with Rg = Ar, Kr, or Xe have been identified with infrared spectra. We employed electron bombardment during deposition of a mixture of Xe (or Kr) in p-H2 at 3.2 K to prepare (RgHRg)+. Lines at 847.0 and 972.1 cm–1 are assigned as the Rg–H–Rg antisymmetric stretching (ν3) mode and its combination with the Rg–H–Rg symmetric stretching (ν1 + ν3) mode of (XeHXe)+ in solid p-H2, respectively. Lines at 871.1 and 974.0 cm–1 are assigned as the ν3 and ν1 + ν3 modes of (KrHKr)+ in solid p-H2, respectively. Slightly shifted and broadened lines were observed for these species in solid n-H2. These results agree satisfactorily with reported experimental values of (XeHXe)+ and (KrHKr)+ in solid Xe, Kr, and Ar, and with the quantum-chemically predicted anharmonic vibrational wavenumbers of these species in the gaseous phase; the significant spectral shifts in various matrixes are rationalized with the proton affinities of the hosts. When a mixture of Xe and Kr in p-H2 was used, an additional broad feature at 1284 cm–1 was observed and assigned as the ν3 mode of (KrHXe)+ in solid p-H2. This line shifted to 1280 cm–1 in solid n-H2 and the corresponding line of (KrDXe)+ was observed at 954 cm–1 in n-D2. The observations of these lines are new; the wavenumbers significantly blue shifted from those of the centrosymmetric (RgHRg)+ agree with the quantum-chemically predicted anharmonic vibrational wavenumbers of 1279 cm–1 for (KrHXe)+ and 916 cm–1 for (KrDXe)+. Analysis of the computational results shows that electronic correlation effects play a much greater role for the asymmetric than for the symmetric species. An interpretation for this is provided.