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Influence of Dopant–Host Energy Level Offset on Thermoelectric Properties of Doped Organic Semiconductors

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journal contribution
posted on 14.05.2018, 00:00 by Bernhard Nell, Katrin Ortstein, Olga V. Boltalina, Koen Vandewal
Increasing the amount of charge carriers by molecular doping is important to improve the function of several organic electronic devices. In this work, we use highly fluorinated fullerene (C60F48) to p-type dope common amorphous molecular host materials. We observe a general relation between the material’s electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient, both strongly depending on the energy level offset between the amorphous host and the dopant. This suggests that the doping efficiency at similar doping levels is mainly determined by the electron transfer yield from host to dopant. Indeed, the dopant anion and host cation absorption strength correlate with the ionization energy (IE) of the host material. Host materials with an IE significantly below the electron affinity of the dopant yield the highest doping efficiency. Surprisingly, the doping efficiency reduces only by about 1 order of magnitude when the IE of the host material is increased by 0.55 eV, which we attribute to the disordered nature of the host materials.