In Operando Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Single-Ion Copolymer Electrolyte for Li-Metal Batteries
journal contributionposted on 13.11.2017, 00:00 by Gilles E. Möhl, Ezzeldin Metwalli, Renaud Bouchet, Trang N. T. Phan, Robert Cubitt, Peter Müller-Buschbaum
To enable a renewable energy future, electrochemical energy storage remains as one of the main challenges of today’s society. Lithium-ion batteries have been shown to be of great potential in that respect, but they still suffer from safety instabilities arising from the use of flammable liquid electrolytes. Solid electrolytes are an interesting alternative that provide the required safety properties. We introduce a highly stable solid single-ion diblock copolymer electrolyte poly(deuterated styrene)-block-poly(poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether styrene-co-lithium styrene sulfonyl(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide), denoted PS(d)-b-P(SPEG-co-STFSILi). Lithium metal batteries based on PS(d)-b-P(SPEG-co-STFSILi) are probed in operando with small-angle neutron scattering in order to investigate their suitability as safe batteries using lithium metal anodes. We compare cell operation when cycling at 0.5 C at 80 °C to 0.7 C at 90 °C, which represent severe working conditions for the battery. More than 200 cycles are performed, showing the inflation of the ionic pathways through cycling at 0.7 C, whereas at 0.5 C and 80 °C, battery performance and morphology remain unchanged.