Hyaluronic Acid-Modified Micelles Encapsulating Gem‑C12 and HNK for Glioblastoma Multiforme Chemotherapy
journal contributionposted on 04.02.2018 by Xing Liu, Wenhao Li, Tijia Chen, Qin Yang, Ting Huang, Yao Fu, Tao Gong, Zhirong Zhang
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a prevalent brain cancer with high mortality, is resistant to the conventional single-agent chemotherapy. In this study, we employed a combination chemotherapy strategy to inhibit GBM growth and addressed its possible beneficial effects. The synergistic effect of lauroyl-gemcitabine (Gem-C12) and honokiol (HNK) was first tested and optimized using U87 cells in vitro. Then, the hyaluronic acid-grafted micelles (HA-M), encapsulating the optimal mole ratio (1:1) of Gem-C12 and HNK, were prepared and characterized. Cell-based studies demonstrated that HA-M could be transported into cells by a CD44 receptor-mediated endocytosis, which could penetrate deeper into tumor spheroids and enhance the cytotoxicity of payloads to glioma cells. In vivo, drug-loaded HA-M significantly increased the survival rate of mice bearing orthotopic xenograft GBM compared with the negative control (1.85-fold). Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that the enhanced efficacy of HA-M was attributed to the stronger inhibition of glioma proliferation and induction of apoptosis. Altogether, our findings showed advantages of combination chemotherapy of GBM using HA-grafted micelles.