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Highly Stable Lanthanide Metal–Organic Framework as an Internal Calibrated Luminescent Sensor for Glutamic Acid, a Neuropathy Biomarker

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journal contribution
posted on 05.06.2020, 19:03 by Tifeng Xia, Yating Wan, Yanping Li, Jun Zhang
Glutamic acid (Glu) is the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, and an elevated level of Glu may indicate some neuropathological diseases. Herein, three isomorphic microporous lanthanide metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) [(CH3)2NH2]2[Ln63-OH)8(BDC-OH)6(H2O)6]·(solv)x (ZJU-168; ZJU = Zhejiang University, H2BDC-OH = 2-hydroxyterephthalic acid, Ln = Eu, Tb, Gd) were designed for the detection of Glu. ZJU-168­(Eu) and ZJU-168­(Tb) suspensions simultaneously produce the characteristic emission bands of both lanthanide ions and ligands. When ZJU-168­(Eu) and ZJU-168­(Tb) suspensions exposed to Glu, the fluorescence intensity of ligands increases while the emission of lanthanide ions is almost unchanged. By utilizing the emission of ligands as the detected signal and the emission of lanthanide ions as the internal reference, an internal calibrated fluorescence sensor for Glu was obtained. There is a good linear relationship between fluorescence intensity ratio and Glu concentration in a wide range with the detection limit of 3.6 μM for ZJU-168­(Tb) and 4.3 μM for ZJU-168­(Eu). Major compounds present in blood plasma have no interference for the detection of Glu. Furthermore, a convenient analytical device based on a one-to-two logic gate was constructed for monitoring Glu. These establish ZJU-168­(Tb) as a potential turn-on, ratiometric, and colorimetric fluorescent sensor for practical detection of Glu.