Highly Selective Phosphatidylinositol 4‑Kinase IIIβ Inhibitors and Structural Insight into Their Mode of Action
journal contributionposted on 14.05.2015, 00:00 by Ivana Mejdrová, Dominika Chalupská, Martin Kögler, Michal Šála, Pavla Plačková, Adriana Baumlová, Hubert Hřebabecký, Eliška Procházková, Milan Dejmek, Rémi Guillon, Dmytro Strunin, Jan Weber, Gary Lee, Gabriel Birkus, Helena Mertlíková-Kaiserová, Evzen Boura, Radim Nencka
Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase IIIβ is a cellular lipid kinase pivotal to pathogenesis of various RNA viruses. These viruses hijack the enzyme in order to modify the structure of intracellular membranes and use them for the construction of functional replication machinery. Selective inhibitors of this enzyme are potential broad-spectrum antiviral agents, as inhibition of this enzyme results in the arrest of replication of PI4K IIIβ-dependent viruses. Herein, we report a detailed study of novel selective inhibitors of PI4K IIIβ, which exert antiviral activity against a panel of single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. Our crystallographic data show that the inhibitors occupy the binding site for the adenine ring of the ATP molecule and therefore prevent the phosphorylation reaction.