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High Anodic Performance of Co 1,3,5-Benzenetricarboxylate Coordination Polymers for Li-Ion Battery

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journal contribution
posted on 04.05.2016, 00:00 by Chao Li, Xiaobing Lou, Ming Shen, Xiaoshi Hu, Zhi Guo, Yong Wang, Bingwen Hu, Qun Chen
We report the designed synthesis of Co 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate coordination polymers (CPs) via a straightforward hydrothermal method, in which three kinds of reaction solvents are selected to form CPs with various morphologies and dimensions. When tested as anode materials in Li-ion battery, the cycling stabilities of the three CoBTC CPs at a current density of 100 mA g–1 have not evident difference; however, the reversible capacities are widely divergent when the current density is increased to 2 A g–1. The optimized product CoBTC-EtOH maintains a reversible capacity of 473 mAh g–1 at a rate of 2 A g–1 after 500 galvanostatic charging/discharging cycles while retaining a nearly 100% Coulombic efficiency. The hollow microspherical morphology, accessible specific area, and the absence of coordination solvent of CoBTC-EtOH might be responsible for such difference. Furthermore, the ex situ soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of CoBTC-EtOH under different states-of-charge suggest that the Co ions remain in the Co2+ state during the charging/discharging process. Therefore, Li ions are inserted to the organic moiety (including the carboxylate groups and the benzene ring) of CoBTC without the direct engagement of Co ions during electrochemical cycling.