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High-Temperature Anomalous Hall Effect in a Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Ferromagnetic Insulator Heterostructure

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journal contribution
posted on 18.05.2020 by Sheung Mei Ng, Huichao Wang, Yukuai Liu, Hon Fai Wong, Hei Man Yau, Chun Hung Suen, Ze Han Wu, Chi Wah Leung, Ji-Yan Dai
Integration of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) on ferromagnetic materials (FM) may yield fascinating physics and promise for electronics and spintronic applications. In this work, high-temperature anomalous Hall effect (AHE) in the TMD ZrTe2 thin film using a heterostructure approach by depositing it on a ferrimagnetic insulator YIG (Y3Fe5O12, yttrium iron garnet) is demonstrated. In this heterostructure, significant anomalous Hall effect can be observed at temperatures up to at least 400 K, which is a record high temperature for the observation of AHE in TMDs, and the large RAHE is more than 1 order of magnitude larger than those previously reported values in topological insulators or TMD-based heterostructures. A complicated interface with additional ZrO2 and amorphous YIG layers is actually observed between ZrTe2 and YIG. The magnetization of interfacial reaction-induced ZrO2 and YIG is believed to play a crucial role in the induced high-temperature AHE in the ZrTe2. These results present a promising system for the spintronic device applications, and it may shed light on the designing approach to introduce magnetism to TMDs at room temperature.