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Guided Assembly of Gold Colloidal Nanoparticles on Silicon Substrates Prepatterned by Charged Particle Beams

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journal contribution
posted on 27.11.2012 by Miroslav Kolíbal, Martin Konečný, Filip Ligmajer, David Škoda, Tomáš Vystavěl, Jakub Zlámal, Peter Varga, Tomáš Šikola
Colloidal gold nanoparticles represent technological building blocks which are easy to fabricate while keeping full control of their shape and dimensions. Here, we report on a simple two-step maskless process to assemble gold nanoparticles from a water colloidal solution at specific sites of a silicon surface. First, the silicon substrate covered by native oxide is exposed to a charged particle beam (ions or electrons) and then immersed in a HF-modified solution of colloidal nanoparticles. The irradiation of the native oxide layer by a low-fluence charged particle beam causes changes in the type of surface-terminating groups, while the large fluences induce even more profound modification of surface composition. Hence, by a proper selection of the initial substrate termination, solution pH, and beam fluence, either positive or negative deposition of the colloidal nanoparticles can be achieved.