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Growth of First Generation Dendrons on SiO2:  Controlling Chemisorption of Transition Metal Coordination Complexes

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journal contribution
posted on 05.12.2007 by Manish Sharma, Abhishek Dube, James R. Engstrom
We have investigated the growth of first generation branched polyamidoamine dendrons on silicon dioxide as a way to tailor and control the subsequent chemisorption of transition metal coordination complexes. Beginning with straight-chain alkyl, amine-terminated self-assembled monolayers as anchors, we find that the efficiency of the dendritic branching step depends on the length of the anchor, it being nearly perfect on a 12-carbon chain anchor. The reaction of these layers, both the anchor layers and the first generation dendrons, with Ta[N(CH3)2]5 and Ti[N(CH3)2]4 have been examined in ultrahigh vacuum using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We find that the saturation coverage increases with the density of terminal NH2 groups; thus, the branching step has effectively amplified the chemisorptive capacity of the surface. Concerning the spatial extent of reaction we find that it depends on the thickness and structure of the organic layer. The thinnest layer cannot prevent penetration of the metal complex to the organic/SiO2 interface, where it can react with residual OH, whereas, on the longer straight chain anchor, reaction occurs exclusively at the terminal NH2 group. On the branched dendrons, the situation is more complex, and reaction occurs not only with the terminal NH2 group but also likely with functional groups, such as NH(CO), on the backbone of the branched dendron.