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Functionalized Carbon Nanotube-Embedded Poly(vinyl alcohol) Microspheres for Efficient Removal of Tumor Necrosis Factor‑α

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journal contribution
posted on 02.07.2020, 21:44 by Jian Chen, Lichun Wang, Tingting Wang, Chunran Li, Wenyan Han, Yamin Chai, Zhuang Liu, Lailiang Ou, Wenzhong Li
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α has an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid and septic arthritis. Removal of excess tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a promising treatment. In this study, a series of functionalized carbon nanotube-embedded poly­(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanocomposite adsorbents were prepared for TNF-α removal for the first time. The resulting nanocomposites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy, which demonstrated that carbon nanotubes were well-dispersed on the surface of PVA macroporous microspheres. Adsorption tests showed that the carboxylated carbon nanotube-embedded composite microspheres (PVA/MWCNTs-COOH) possessed much better adsorption capacity for TNF-α in both simulated serum solution and rat plasma compared to the aminated (PVA/MWCNTs-NH2) and raw carbon nanotube-embedded microspheres (PVA/MWCNTs-raw). In addition, the effects on hemolytic activity, the anticoagulant property, and the components of blood were negligible, indicating the excellent blood compatibility of composite beads. Our findings suggest that the carboxylated carbon nanotube-embedded composite microspheres may be potentially useful for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases by removing TNF-α from the blood.