Functional and Structural Analyses of the Split-Dehydratase Domain in the Biosynthesis of Macrolactam Polyketide Cremimycin
journal contributionposted on 18.11.2019 by Daisuke Kawasaki, Akimasa Miyanaga, Taichi Chisuga, Fumitaka Kudo, Tadashi Eguchi
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
In the biosynthesis of the macrolactam antibiotic cremimycin, the 3-aminononanoic acid starter unit is formed via a non-2-enoyl acyl carrier protein thioester intermediate, which is presumed to be constructed by cis-acyltransferase (AT) polyketide synthases (PKSs) CmiP2, CmiP3, and CmiP4. While canonical cis-AT PKS modules are comprised of a single polypeptide, the PKS module formed by CmiP2 and CmiP3 is split within the dehydratase (DH) domain. Here, we report the enzymatic function and the structural features of this split-DH domain. In vitro analysis showed that the split-DH domain catalyzes the dehydration reaction of (R)-3-hydroxynonanoyl N-acetylcysteamine thioester (SNAC) to form (E)-non-2-enoyl-SNAC, suggesting that the split-DH domain is catalytically active in cremimycin biosynthesis. In addition, structural analysis revealed that the CmiP2 and CmiP3 subunits of the split-DH domain form a tightly associated heterodimer through several hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions, which are similar to those of canonical DH domains of other cis-AT PKSs. These results indicate that the split-DH domain has the same function and structure as common cis-AT PKS DH domains.