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Following the Chemical Immobilization of Membrane Proteins on Plasmonic Nanoantennas Using Infrared Spectroscopy

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journal contribution
posted on 09.07.2020, 20:30 by Fatima Omeis, Ana Filipa Santos Seica, Romain Bernard, Nicolas Javahiraly, Hicham Majjad, David Moss, Petra Hellwig
Plasmonic nanoantennas are promising sensing platforms for detecting chemical and biological molecules in the infrared region. However, integrating fragile biological molecules such as proteins on plasmonic nanoantennas is an essential requirement in the detection procedure. It is crucial to preserve the structural integrity and functionality of proteins while attaching them. In this study, we attached lactose permease, a large membrane protein, onto plasmonic nanoantennas by means of the nickel-nitrile triacetic acid immobilization technique. We followed the individual steps of the immobilization procedure for different lengths of the nanoantennas. The impact of varying the length of the nanoantennas on the shape of the vibrational signal of the chemical layers and on the protein spectrum was studied. We showed that these large proteins are successfully attached onto the nanoantennas, while the chemical spectra of the immobilization monolayers show a shape deformation which is an effect of the coupling between the vibrational mode and the plasmonic resonance.