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Far-UV Annealed Inkjet-Printed In2O3 Semiconductor Layers for Thin-Film Transistors on a Flexible Polyethylene Naphthalate Substrate

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journal contribution
posted on 17.02.2017, 00:00 by Jaakko Leppäniemi, Kim Eiroma, Himadri Majumdar, Ari Alastalo
The inkjet-printing process of precursor solutions containing In nitrate dissolved in 2-methoxyethanol is optimized using ethylene glycol as a cosolvent that allows the stabilization of the droplet formation, leading to a robust, repeatable printing process. The inkjet-printed precursor films are then converted to In2O3 semiconductors at flexible-substrate-compatible low temperatures (150–200 °C) using combined far-ultraviolet (FUV) exposure at ∼160 nm and thermal treatment. The compositional nature of the precursor-to-metal oxide conversion is studied using grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD), X-ray reflectivity (XRR), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy that indicate that amorphous, high density (up to 5.87 g/cm3), and low impurity In2O3 films can be obtained using the combined annealing technique. Prolonged annealing (180 min) at 150 °C yields enhancement-mode TFTs with saturation mobility of 4.3 cm2/(Vs) and ∼1 cm2/(Vs) on rigid Si/SiO2 and flexible plastic PEN substrates, respectively. This paves the way for manufacturing relatively high-performance, printed metal-oxide TFT arrays on cheap, flexible substrate for commercial applications.