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Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Kinetics of the OH + Propionaldehyde Reaction between 277 and 375 K at Low Pressure

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journal contribution
posted on 10.09.2015 by Paul E. Carey, Philip S. Stevens
Measurements of the rate constant for the reaction of OH radicals with propionaldehyde as a function of temperature were performed using low-pressure discharge-flow tube techniques coupled with laser-induced fluorescence detection of OH radicals. The measured room-temperature rate constant of (1.51 ± 0.22) × 10–11 cm3 molecules–1 s–1 at 4 Torr was generally lower but in reasonable agreement with previous absolute and relative rate studies at higher pressures. Measurements as a function of temperature resulted in an Arrhenius expression of (2.3 ± 0.4) × 10–11 exp[(−110 ± 50)/T] cm3 molecules–1 s–1 between 277 and 375 K at 4 Torr. The observed temperature dependence at low pressure is in contrast to previous measurements of a negative temperature dependence at higher pressures. Ab initio calculations of the potential energy surface for this reaction suggest that the primary reaction pathway involves the formation of a hydrogen-bonded prereactive complex, which could account for the difference in the observed temperature dependence at lower and higher pressures.