Enthalpies of Formation of Hydrazine and Its Derivatives
journal contributionposted on 21.06.2017 by Olga V. Dorofeeva, Oxana N. Ryzhova, Taisiya A. Suchkova
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Enthalpies of formation, ΔfH298°, in both the gas and condensed phase, and enthalpies of sublimation or vaporization have been estimated for hydrazine, NH2NH2, and its 36 various derivatives using quantum chemical calculations. The composite G4 method has been used along with isodesmic reaction schemes to derive a set of self-consistent high-accuracy gas-phase enthalpies of formation. To estimate the enthalpies of sublimation and vaporization with reasonable accuracy (5–20 kJ/mol), the method of molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) has been used. The value of ΔfH298°(NH2NH2,g) = 97.0 ± 3.0 kJ/mol was determined from 75 isogyric reactions involving about 50 reference species; for most of these species, the accurate ΔfH298°(g) values are available in Active Thermochemical Tables (ATcT). The calculated value is in excellent agreement with the reported results of the most accurate models based on coupled cluster theory (97.3 kJ/mol, the average of six calculations). Thus, the difference between the values predicted by high-level theoretical calculations and the experimental value of ΔfH298°(NH2NH2,g) = 95.55 ± 0.19 kJ/mol recommended in the ATcT and other comprehensive reference sources is sufficiently large and requires further investigation. Different hydrazine derivatives have been also considered in this work. For some of them, both the enthalpy of formation in the condensed phase and the enthalpy of sublimation or vaporization are available; for other compounds, experimental data for only one of these properties exist. Evidence of accuracy of experimental data for the first group of compounds was provided by the agreement with theoretical ΔfH298°(g) value. The unknown property for the second group of compounds was predicted using the MEP model. This paper presents a systematic comparison of experimentally determined enthalpies of formation and enthalpies of sublimation or vaporization with the results of calculations. Because of relatively large uncertainty in the estimated enthalpies of sublimation, it was not always possible to evaluate the accuracy of the experimental values; however, this model allowed us to detect large errors in the experimental data, as in the case of 5,5′-hydrazinebistetrazole. The enthalpies of formation and enthalpies of sublimation or vaporization have been predicted for the first time for ten hydrazine derivatives with no experimental data. A recommended set of self-consistent experimental and calculated gas-phase enthalpies of formation of hydrazine derivatives can be used as reference ΔfH298°(g) values to predict the enthalpies of formation of various hydrazines by means of isodesmic reactions.