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Enhanced Protein Adsorption and Facilitated Refolding of Like-Charged Protein with Highly Charged Silica Nanoparticles Fabricated by Sequential Double Modifications

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journal contribution
posted on 20.01.2015, 00:00 by Hu Liu, Xiaoyan Dong, Yan Sun
Silica nanoparticles (SNPs) were sequentially modified with poly­(ethylenimine) (PEI) and 2-diethylaminoethyl chloride (DEAE) to prepare a series of positively charged SNPs-PEI and SNPs-PEI-DEAE. The sequential double-modification strategy produced a charge density as high as 1740 μmol/g (4524 μmol/mL), which offered a very high adsorption capacity for bovine serum albumin (314 mg/g). Most importantly, the highly charged SNPs-PEI and SNPs-PEI-DEAE could efficiently facilitate the refolding of like-charged protein at extremely low utilization. For instance, in the refolding of 1 mg/mL lysozyme, the refolding yield reached 75% with only 3.3 μL/mL SNPs-PEI-DEAE. The bead consumption was reduced by nearly 96% as compared to that of the charged microspheres used previously to reach a similar yield. The results proved that the polyelectrolyte-modified SNPs were promising for applications in facilitating like-charged protein refolding, and the research opened up a new way for biotechnology applications of highly charged nanoparticles.