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Enhanced Phototherapy by Nanoparticle-Enzyme via Generation and Photolysis of Hydrogen Peroxide

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journal contribution
posted on 14.06.2017 by Kaiwen Chang, Zhihe Liu, Xiaofeng Fang, Haobin Chen, Xiaoju Men, Ye Yuan, Kai Sun, Xuanjun Zhang, Zhen Yuan, Changfeng Wu
Light has been widely used for cancer therapeutics such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy. This paper describes a strategy called enzyme-enhanced phototherapy (EEPT) for cancer treatment. We constructed a nanoparticle platform by covalent conjugation of glucose oxidase (GOx) to small polymer dots, which could be persistently immobilized into a tumor. While the malignant tumors have high glucose uptake, the GOx efficiently catalyzes the glucose oxidation with simultaneous generation of H2O2. Under light irradiation, the in situ generated H2O2 was photolyzed to produce hydroxyl radical, the most reactive oxygen species, for killing cancer cells. In vitro assays indicated that the cancer cells were destroyed by using a nanoparticle concentration at 0.2 μg/mL and a light dose of ∼120 J/cm2, indicating the significantly enhanced efficiency of the EEPT method when compared to typical PDT that requires a photosensitizer of >10 μg/mL for effective cell killing under the same light dose. Furthermore, remarkable inhibition of tumor growth was observed in xenograft-bearing mice, indicating the promise of the EEPT approach for cancer therapeutics.