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Electrochemical Immunosensing Platform for the Determination of the 20S Proteasome Using an Aminophenylboronic/Poly-indole-6-carboxylic Acid-Modified Electrode

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journal contribution
posted on 22.07.2020 by Francisco Martínez-Rojas, Victor C. Diculescu, Francisco Armijo
The first electrochemical immunosensor for the determination of the 20S proteasome (P20S) was developed, entailing the immobilization of an antibody on an aminophenylboronic/poly-indole-6-carboxylic acid-modified electrode. The proposed electrochemical bioplatform is a simple and feasible analytical tool applicable for the determination of P20S in human plasma, considering its high clinical and biological relevance. Cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and square wave voltammetry (SWV) were used to determine the optimal step-by-step process to obtain the electrochemical immunosensor. The interaction of P20S with the recognition layer of the immobilized antibody on the nanostructured surface took place by incubating the electrode in a P20S solution at 20 °C for 2 h. Using SWV as an electro-analytical technique, this immunosensor can quantify P20S. The current was linear with the P20S concentration within two dynamic concentration ranges from 20.0 to 80.0 and 80.0 to 200.0 ng·mL–1 (r2 = 0.992 and 0.98, respectively) with a limit of detection and quantification of 6 and 18 ng·mL–1, respectively. Moreover, the immunosensor showed considerable repeatability and reproducibility, when the determination was done in human serum, which confirms that it is a promising alternative for direct detection of P20S in biological fluids with minimal interference.