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Electrochemical Alloying of Lead in Potassium-Ion Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 28.09.2018 by Vincent Gabaudan, Romain Berthelot, Lorenzo Stievano, Laure Monconduit
The electrochemical alloying of lead-based electrodes with potassium was investigated by galvanostatic measurements as well as by ex situ and operando X-ray diffraction. The electrochemical reduction must be activated by an initial high current pulse which prevents the passivation of the lead electrode. The alloying process leads to the formation of crystalline KPb. During the discharge, two intermediate phases are observed, K10Pb48 and K4Pb9, whereas only K4Pb9 seems to form during the charge. High capacity retention is observed, with, however, a limited specific capacity value because of high weight of lead.