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Dual-Metal Centered Zirconium–Organic Framework: A Metal-Affinity Probe for Highly Specific Interaction with Phosphopeptides

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journal contribution
posted on 08.12.2016 by Jiaxi Peng, Hongyan Zhang, Xin Li, Shengju Liu, Xingyun Zhao, Jing Wu, Xiaohui Kang, Hongqiang Qin, Zaifa Pan, Ren’an Wu
The highly specific affinity between probes and phosphopeptides is the fundamental interaction for selective identification of phosphoproteomes that uncover the mechanisms of signal transduction, cell cycle, enzymatic regulation, and gene expression in biological systems. In this study, a metal-affinity probe possessing both interactions of metal oxide affinity chromatography (MOAC) and immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) was facilely prepared by immobilizing zirconium­(IV) on a zirconium–organic framework of UiO-66-NH2, which holds dual-metal centers of not only the inherent Zr-O cluster but also the immobilized Zr­(IV) center. This dual-metal centered zirconium–organic framework (DZMOF) demonstrates as a highly specific metal-affinity probe toward the extraction of phosphopeptides due to the metal-affinity interactions of MOAC and IMAC toward either mono-phosphorylated or multi-phosphorylated peptides. The binding energies of zirconium 3d5/2 and 3d3/2 in this DZMOF are 183.07 and 185.47 eV, respectively, which are higher than those of the intact UiO-66-NH2 (182.84 and 185.17 eV, respectively), confirming the higher metal-affinity interaction between the DZMOF and phosphopeptides. This high metal-affinity probe presents an unprecedented strong performance in anti-nonspecific interference during the capturing of phosphopeptides of β-casein with the molar ratio of β-casein vs bovine serum albumin up to ca. 1:5000. The enrichment of phosphopeptides from a human saliva sample by DZMOF further confirms the great potential of DZMOF in the extraction of low-abundance phosphopeptides for real complex biological samples.